# Hypothesis testing on high-dimensional spheres: the Le Cam approach

Davy Paindaveine, Univerité libres de Bruxelles, Belgium hybrid, online- please contact Andrea Fiebig (HU) for the zoom link10:00 - 12:00

Hypothesis testing in high dimensions has been a most active research topics in the last

decade. Both theoretical and practical considerations make it natural to restrict to sign tests, that is, to

tests that uses observations only through their directions from a given center. This obviously maps the

original Euclidean problem to a spherical one, still in high dimensions. With this motivation in mind, we

tackle two testing problems on high-dimensional spheres, both under a symmetry assumption that speci es

that the distribution at hand is invariant under rotations with respect to a given axis. More precisely, we

consider the problem of testing the null hypothesis of uniformity ("detecting the signal") and the problem

of testing the null hypothesis that the symmetry axis coincides with a given direction ("learning the signal

direction"). We solve both problems by exploiting Le Cam's asymptotic theory of statistical experiments,

in a double- or triple-asymptotic framework. Interestingly, contiguity rates depend in a subtle way on how

well the parameters involved are identi ed as well as on a possible further antipodally-symmetric nature

of the distribution. In many cases, strong optimality results are obtained from local asymptotic normality.

When this cannot be achieved, it is still possible to establish minimax rate optimality.

invited by Markus Reiß